Ejercicio de periódicos, tercer cuarto #2

Periódico 1

Este es El Mercurio, de Chile. Tiene seis secciones, como Noticias, Economía, Deportes, Panoramas, “Tendencias y Mujer”, y “Servicios”.

Periódico 2

Este es El Clarín, de Argentina.

Me encanta este informe, sobre los bonos argentinos que el gobierno argentino se niega de pagar. Ya sé la historia; leí en otras fuentes (The Economist). Pero aquí, dice “La Argentina reiteró que no pagará”.

Periódico 3

Este es El País, de Colombia. A mi es interesante que un “tema destacado” es el papa, Benedicto XVI. Es verdad que muchos colombianos son católicos.

Arregle Errores, tercer cuarto #3

  1. Si yo vaya … compraría → Si yo fuera (2/19)
  2. Si mis amigos y yo estuviera → Si mis amigos y yo estuviéramos (2/19)
  3. los peores no serían tan peor → tan peores (2/19)
  4. no viviré allí → no viviría allí (2/19)
  5. Un día mis vecinos caminé → caminaron (2/20)
  6. querrían → querría (2/25)
  7. se enfermarían → se enfermaría (2/25)
  8. haría → harían (2/25)
  9. te habría pedido su dirección → tu dirección (2/26)
  10. habría tocar → habría tocado (2/26)

Preliminary studies into rhotic harmony in the Ermahgerd meme

Rherterc Verwerl Hermerny

Perhaps you know the Ermahgerd meme, in which almost all the vowels in a declaration of surprise are replaced with the r-colored vowels /ɝ/ or /ɚ/.

When one of these memes was posted to /r/linguistics, /u/Ragleur said,

If I were a doctoral student in the department of Taking Things Too Seriously, it might be interesting to do a study about the contexts in which vowels are replaced with /ɚ/ in the Ermahgerd meme. Is it only stressed syllables, or is it more complicated than that? Does it vary from speaker to speaker? These are the kinds of questions no one ever needs the answer to.

So I’m going to keep a log of all the Ermahgerd memes I see.

  1. the one that originated the thread above: “ERMAHGERD, RHERTERC VERWERL HERMERNY“.
  2. /r/funny, 26 Feb 2013: “ERMAHGERD, A PERG!!” (pug)
  3. facebook, 3 Mar 2013: “ERMAHGERD, NERTFLERX” (Netflix)

It appears that the default is for all vowels to shift to /ɝ/, except for the following exceptions: a pronounced /eɪ/ does not shift, neither does /a/ as in ermahgerd.

I’d argue that the <y> in “harmony” in #1 ought to be pronounced /ɝ/ too, but that’s not reflected orthographically. In #2, perg suggests pig, not the intended pug.

Women in programming

Ada Lovelace
Grace Hopper

Stereotype and current status notwithstanding, there is a long history of women in programming.

Ada Lovelace, analyzer of Babbage’s Analytical Engine, wrote the first computer program, 100 years before the construction of ENIAC, the first computer. There is strong evidence that she understood the Analytical Engine and its significance much better than Babbage himself did.

Grace Hopper of the US Navy programmed for the Harvard Mark I and wrote the world’s first compiler, just because she could (additionally, she had a clock that ran backwards, also just because she could).

To these two we may apparently add Edith Windsor of the Supreme Court case United States v. Windsor, otherwise known as the DOMA case. From the SCOTUSblog coverage of her recent brief:

“While she was in graduate school, she noted, she worked as a computer programmer for the Atomic Energy Commission”

Note that due to her age (83), this places her programming days in the 50s and 60s, putting her up there with Hopper as one of the world’s earliest programmers.

Photo of Edith Windsor
Windsor. source: http://tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com/2012/10/second-circuit-doma-violates-equal-protection-under-the-law.php